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4000 m peaks of the Alps

What is a summit, what is not ? There are about as many criteria as people climbing those peaks. It becomes especially "important" when it comes to the 4000 m peaks of the Alps - are there 60 or 80 of them?
The main criterion for being a summit is the height by which it is separated from its neighbours. Hundred meters clearly make up a summit, but also 30 m were mentioned as "valid".
Correspondingly, there are different lists of the 4000 m peaks, established by different persons. In the following list I will mention the list by Karl Blodig ("B",[1] - the first person having climbed all 4000 m peaks in the Alps [at least those matching his criteria]), Richard Goedeke ("G",[2]), the "official" list of UIAA ("U",[3]) and my own count ("H", which basically is derived from [1] and [2]).

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MountainHeightDiffi-
culty
Listsgap
height
AreaWas Hartmut already there?
BGUH
1Les Droites 4000

D

×××× 204Mont Blanc 2001  
2Aiguille de Rochefort 4001

C

×××× 106Mont Blanc 1994  
3Lagginhorn 4010

B

×××× 511VS Weissmies 1990 2002  
4Punta Baretti 4013

B

×××× 56Mont Blanc  
5Dent du Gant 4013

E

×××× 139Mont Blanc 2003  
6Dme de Rochefort 4015

C

×××× 190Mont Blanc 1994  
7Weissmies 4023

B

××××1188VS Weissmies 1984 1985 1987 1989 1991  
8Hinter Fiescherhorn 4025

B

×××× 102Bern 1991  
9Allalinhorn 4027

A

×××× 245VS Mischabel 1985 1995 1998 2000 1998  
10Drrenhorn 4035

B

×××× 119VS Mischabel 2000  
11Aiguille du Jardin 4035

E

×××× 37Mont Blanc  
12Lauteraarhorn 4042

C

×××× 128Bern 2001  
13Gross Grnhorn 4044

B

×××× 305Bern 1997  
14Punta Giordani 4046

B

×-×× 5VS Monte Rosa 2001  
15Gross Fiescherhorn 4049

B

×××× 395Bern 1991  
16Piz Bernina 4049

C

××××2132Bernina 1994 2000  
17Aiguille de Bionnassay 4052

C

×××× 164Mont Blanc 1990  
18Gran Paradiso 4061

B

××××1873Gran Paradiso 1986 1990 1992 2007  
19Obergabelhorn 4063

D

×××× 536VS Weisshorn 1997  
20Mont Brouillard 4069

B

×××× 39Mont Blanc  
21Schreckhorn 4078

D

×××× 785Bern  
22Pollux 4092

C

×××× 247VS Lyskamm 2001  
23Grande Rocheuse 4102

D

×××× 52Mont Blanc  
24Barre des Ecrins 4102

C

××××2044Ecrins  
25Mnch 4107

B

×××× 578Bern 1992 1993  
26Aiguille Blanche de Peuterey 4112

E

×××× 178Mont Blanc  
27Aiguille Verte 4122

D

×××× 688Mont Blanc 1996  
28Bishorn 4153

A

×××× 95VS Weisshorn 1989 1990 1992 2001  
29Jungfrau 4158

B

×××× 683Bern 1993  
30Breithorn 4164

A

×××× 433VS Lyskamm 2001  
31Dent d'Hrens 4171

C

×××× 692VS Matterhorn 2000  
32Strahlhorn 4190

B

×××× 626VS Mischabel 1985 1986 1996 1999  
33Aletschhorn 4195

B

××××1017Bern 1988 1989  
34Rimpfischhorn 4199

C

×××× 635VS Mischabel 1986a 1987 1994 1996a  
35Alphubel 4206

B

×××× 355VS Mischabel 1987 1989 1992 1993 1993 2004 2006  
36Grandes Jorasses 4208

C

×××× 843Mont Blanc 2001  
37Piramide Vincent 4215

A

×××× 128VS Monte Rosa 1988 1989 1991 1993  
38Hohberghorn 4219

B

×××× 77VS Mischabel 1996  
39Zinalrothorn 4221

D

×××× 490VS Weisshorn 1990  
40Castor 4228

B

×××× 165VS Lyskamm 1989  
41Stecknadelhorn 4241

C

×××× 23VS Mischabel 2000  
42Mont Blanc du Tacul 4248

B

×××× 213Mont Blanc 1991  
43Finsteraarhorn 4274

C

××××2270Bern 1997  
44Lenzspitze 4294

D

×××× 81VS Mischabel 1985  
45Grand Combin de Grafeneire 4314

C

××××1517VS Gd.Combin 1999  
46Schwarzhorn 4321

B

×××× 42VS Monte Rosa 1987 1989  
47Nadelhorn 4327

B

×××× 206VS Mischabel 1985 1990 1997 2000  
48Ludwigshhe 4341

A

×××× 58VS Monte Rosa 1987 1989 1993  
49Dent Blanche 4357

D

×××× 910VS Weisshorn 1998  
50Parrotspitze 4432

B

×××× 136VS Monte Rosa 1987 1991  
51Mont Maudit 4465

B

×××× 162Mont Blanc 1991  
52Matterhorn 4478

D

××××1031VS Matterhorn 1996  
53Tschhorn 4491

D

×××× 209VS Mischabel 2000a  
54Weisshorn 4505

D

××××1234VS Weisshorn 1990  
55Lyskamm 4527

C

×××× 376VS Lyskamm 1991  
56Dom 4545

B

××××1046VS Mischabel 1990 1995  
57Signalkuppe 4554

B

×××× 102VS Monte Rosa 1988 1991  
58Zumsteinspitze 4563

B

×××× 111VS Monte Rosa 1988 1991  
59Nordend 4609

B

×××× 94VS Monte Rosa 1990a  
60Dufourspitze 4634

C

××××2165VS Monte Rosa 1989  
61Mont Blanc 4810

B

××××4800Mont Blanc 1988 1989 1990 1993 1995 2003  
In case of the ascents marked by a, we did not completely reach the main summit.
[1] Karl Blodig, Helmut Dumler, "Die Viertausender der Alpen", Bergverlag Rudolf Rother
[2] Richard Goedeke, "4000er - die Normalwege", Verlag J. Berg
[3] Die Alpen 70, S.14 (Jan. 1994): This list was compiled by Gino Buscaini (CAI), François Labande (CAF), and Maurice Brandt (SAC). It is based on a topographic criterion of 30 height meters and additional subjective criteria (morphologic and alpinistic). Therefore Mont Blanc de Courmayeur is included because it is (as the authors state) morphologically and alpinistically independent, as also all five summits of Grandes Jorasses. All summits of Breithorns fulfil the topographic criterion (except Roccia Nera, however fulfilling the two other conditions).

I personally adhere to the old Blodig/Goedeke list. I must admit, however, that Punta Giordani, Dôme du Goûter and Balmenhorn are really a matter of personal taste.

Difficulties given in the table above:

(The five categories A to E are my personal grading scheme, not a "standard")

A

relatively easy (F to PD)

B

moderate (PD)

C

moderate to difficult (PD to AD)

D

rather difficult (AD)

E

difficult (D)

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